Contestation of Customary and Islamic Law: Mangupa and Tuor in Horja Ritual at Tapanuli Muslim Community Wedding

Authors

  • Fatahuddin Aziz Siregar Universitas Islam Negeri Syekh Ali Hasan Ahmad Addary Padangsidimpuan
  • Ibrahim Siregar Universitas Islam Negeri Syekh Ali Hasan Ahmad Addary Padangsidimpuan
  • Suheri Sahputra Rangkuti Universitas Islam Negeri Syekh Ali Hasan Ahmad Addary Padangsidimpuan

Abstract views: 102

Abstract

This article discusses the contestation between culture and religion as well as customary and Islamic law in marriage practices in Tapanuli society, North Sumatra. The horja ritual in the marriage practices of the Tapanuli Muslim community, which was originally based entirely on local customs and traditions, has undergone significant changes due to the influence of Islam. This article analyzes how the contestation between customary and Islamic law takes place and affects cultural identity. Using an ethnographic approach and discourse analysis, this article finds that the contestation of customary and Islamic law in the horja ritual of Tapanuli Muslim marriage targets two cultural contents, namely, mangupa and tuor (offerings). The strong authority of religious figures has succeeded in capturing the influence of the community, thus creating changes in the culture of marriage. These changes include the replacement of cultural practices, mantras and symbols with Islamic practices and prayers as well as an emphasis on Islamic teachings and practices, particularly on mangupa and tuor content in the wedding horja. Contestation between traditional and religious leaders emerged in an effort to maintain control over culture and religious teachings. In addition, this article also finds that the role of Islamic religious leaders has expanded into the cultural domain.

Abstrak: Artikel ini membahas kontestasi antara budaya dan agama serta hukum adat dan hukum Islam dalam praktik pernikahan di masyarakat Tapanuli, Sumatera Utara. Ritual horja dalam praktik pernikahan masyarakat muslim Tapanuli yang awalnya didasarkan sepenuhnya pada adat dan tradisi lokal telah mengalami perubahan signifikan akibat pengaruh agama Islam. Artikel ini menganalisis bagaimana kontestasi antara hukum adat dan hukum Islam berlangsung dan memengaruhi identitas budaya. Menggunakan pendekatan etnografi dan analisis wacana, artikel ini menemukan bahwa kontestasi hukum adat dan hukum Islam dalam ritual horja pada perkawinan masyarakat muslim Tapanuli menyasar dua konten kebudayaan, yaitu, mangupa dan tuor (seserahan). Otoritas tokoh agama yang begitu kuat telah berhasil merebut pengaruh masyarakat sehingga menciptakan perubahan dalam budaya pernikahan. Perubahan ini mencakup penggantian praktik, mantra dan simbol budaya dengan praktik dan doa-doa Islam serta penekanan pada ajaran dan praktik agama Islam, khususnya pada konten mangupa dan tuor dalam horja pernikahan. Kontestasi antara tokoh adat dan tokoh agama muncul dalam upaya mempertahankan kendali atas budaya dan ajaran agama. Selain itu, artikel ini juga menemukan bahwa peran tokoh agama Islam telah merambah ke dalam domain kebudayaan.

Keywords: culture; religion; customary lawa; Islamic law; contestation; muslim wedding

Author Biography

Ibrahim Siregar, Universitas Islam Negeri Syekh Ali Hasan Ahmad Addary Padangsidimpuan

Scopus ID : 57190573193
Google Scholar ID: 1lXwT6EAAAA
Sinta ID: 6165962

Published

11-12-2023

How to Cite

Fatahuddin Aziz Siregar, Ibrahim Siregar, & Suheri Sahputra Rangkuti. (2023). Contestation of Customary and Islamic Law: Mangupa and Tuor in Horja Ritual at Tapanuli Muslim Community Wedding. Asy-Syir’ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari’ah Dan Hukum, 57(2). Retrieved from https://asy-syirah.uin-suka.com/index.php/AS/article/view/1330

Issue

Section

Articles