Expulsion for Adultery Perpetrators Muhshan at Panyabungan: An Islamic Law Perspective

Authors

  • Arbanur Rasyid Universitas Islam Negeri Syekh Ali Hasan Ahmad Addary Padangsidimpuan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14421/ajish.v56i2.1157

Abstract views: 228 PDF downloads: 165

Keywords:

Adulterers muhshan, expulsion, Islamic law, customary law.

Abstract

Abstract: This article examines the practice of expelling perpetrators muhshan in the Panyabungan society, which normatively (Islamic law) should be punished by stoning. This phenomenon is fascinating to study because the Panyabungan people are Islamic followers who are very fanatical and have a strong religion. This article is based on field data supplemented by library data. Three fundamental issues are examined in this article, namely the process of enforcing customary law for adulterers muhshan in Panyabungan society, the argument for the application of expulsion punishment to adulterers' muhshan, and how Islamic law views the practice of expulsion in the case of adultery. Uses a normative and sociological approach this article finds the fact that the practice of expulsion of adulterers muhshan in Panyabungan is enforced if the perpetrator has been proven to have committed adultery. The practice of expelling the perpetrators of muhshan adultery is carried out for two reasons: following the traditions or customs that have been in effect and the impossibility of applying the stoning law in Indonesia. This article also finds evidence that the purpose of imposing the penalty of expulsion for adulterers muhshan in Panyabungan is to give a deterrent effect to the perpetrators of adultery and, at the same time as a preventive measure for people not to commit adultery. In addition, the punishment is also intended to maintain the excellent name and cleanliness of the village from disobedience acts.

Abstrak: Artikel ini mengkaji praktik pengusiran terhadap pelaku zina muhshan dalam masyarakat Panyabungan yang secara normatif (hukum Islam) seharusnya diberi hukuman rajam. Fenomena ini sangat menarik untuk dikaji karena masyarakat Panyabungan pada dasarnya termasuk penganut Islam yang sangat fanatis dan kuat beragama. Artikel ini didasaran pada data-data lapangan yang dilengkapi dengan data-data kepustakaan. Ada tiga persoalan mendasar yang dikaji dalam artikel ini, yakni proses pemberlakuan hukum adat bagi pelaku zina muhshan pada masyarakat Panyabungan, argumen diterapkannya hukuman pengusiran terhadap pelaku zina muhshan, dan bagaimana hukum Islam memandang praktik hukuman pengusiran dalam kasus perzinahan tersebut. Menggunakan pendekatan normatif sosiologis, artikel ini menemukan fakta bahwa praktik pengusiran terhadap pelaku zina muhshan di Panyabungan diberlakukan apabila pelaku telah terbukti melakukan perzinahan. Praktik hukuman pengusiran terhadap pelaku zina muhshan tersebut dilakukan karena dua alasan, yakni mengikuti tradisi atau adat-istiadat yang telah berlaku dan tidak dimungkinkannya penerapan hukum rajam di Indonesia. Artikel ini juga menemukan bukti bahwa perapan hukuman pengusiran bagi pelaku zina muhshan di Panyabungan dimaksudkan untuk memberikan efek jera kepada para pelaku zina dan sekaligus sebagai upaya preventif bagi masyarakat supaya tidak melakukan perzinahan. Selain itu, hukuman tersebut juga dimaksudkan untuk menjaga nama baik dan kebersihan desa dari tindakan kemaksiatan.

References

Akbar, Muhammad Alfath. “MAQOSHID AS-SYARIAH TERKAIT HUKUM KELUARGA.” AL-RISALAH 17, no. 1 (2022): 23–32.

Andriyadi, Fauza. “REPOSISI MAJELIS ADAT ACEH DALAM TATA PEMERINTAHAN ACEH PASCA QANUN NO. 10 TAHUN 2008.” IN RIGHT: Jurnal Agama Dan Hak Azazi Manusia 5, no. 1 (2015).

Asmaret, Desi. “Penunjukan Lafazh Terhadap Hukum (Dilalah) Berbentuk Ibarah al-Nash.” Jurnal Al Himayah 3, no. 1 (2019): 84–101.

Audah, Abdul Qadir. Al-Tasyri’al-Jinâî al-Islâmî. Beirut: Mu’assasah Al Risalah, 1992.

Azizah, Alfiyatul, and M. Ud Lc. “Hadd Zina Dalam Al-Quran (Kajian Tafsir Surat An-Nur) Ayat 1-3 Menurut Muhammad ‘Ali As-Sabuni) Dalam Tafsir Rawat Al-Bayan Fi Tafsir Ayat AhKam Min Al-Qur’An.” PhD Thesis, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, 2022.

Bahnasi, A. F. Al-Uqubah Fi al-Fiqh al-Islami,[Punishment in Islamic Jurisprudence]. Kairo: Dar al-Shorouq, 1989.

Candra, Marli, and Nanda Pricilia Nadhiva. “Tinjauan Filsafat Hukuman Dalam Islam Terhadap Overspel Dan Zina.” Al-Jinayah: Jurnal Hukum Pidana Islam 6, no. 2 (2020): 450–76.

Daat, Joe Daniel. “PENERAPAN SANKSI ADAT TERHADAP PELAKU PERZINAHAN DI MASYARAKAT HUKUM ADAT SUKU KAWEI KABUPATEN RAJA AMPAT PROVINSI PAPUA BARAT.” PhD Thesis, UNIVERSITAS ATMA JAYA YOGYAKARTA, 2022.

Darwis, Rizal. “Pemikiran Ibnu Qayyim Al-Jauziyah Terhadap Paradigma Perubahan Hukum.” Adzkiya: Jurnal Hukum Dan Ekonomi Syariah 5, no. 1 (2017): 67–86.

Durkheim, Emile. Emile Durkheim on Morality and Society. University of Chicago Press, 1973.

Fakhrurrazi, R. “Jarimah Zina Dan Pemerkosaan Dalam Qanun Jinayat Aceh: Analisis Perumusan Metode Istinbath.” Islam Universalia 1, no. 3 (2020): 400–433.

Gegana, Tomi Adam, and Abdul Qodir Zaelani. “Pandangan Urf Terhadap Tradisi Mitu Dalam Pesta Pernikahan Adat Batak.” El-Izdiwaj: Indonesian Journal of Civil and Islamic Family Law 3, no. 1 (2022): 18–32.

Hallak, Nancy. “Approaching The Qur’an Through The Lens of Muhammad Shahrur: A Critical Analysis,” 2022.

Hallaq, Wael B. Authority, Continuity and Change in Islamic Law. Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Halldorsson, Brynjar, Polly Waite, Kate Harvey, Samantha Pearcey, and Cathy Creswell. “In the Moment Social Experiences and Perceptions of Children with Social Anxiety Disorder: A Qualitative Study.” British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 2022.

Hamdani, Fahmi Fatwa Rosyadi Satria, Suci Pebrianti, Liza Dzulhijjah, and Hudzaifah Muhammad Maricar. “Traditional Law vs. Islamic Law; An Analysis of Muslim Community Awareness in Inheritance Issues.” Al-Ahkam 32, no. 1 (2022): 109–30.

Hirose, Mariko, and John W. Creswell. “Applying Core Quality Criteria of Mixed Methods Research to an Empirical Study.” Journal of Mixed Methods Research, (2022), 15586898221086346.

Ikawati, Linda. “Prostitusi Perspektif Hukum Positif Dan Hukum Islam.” Transformasi Hukum 1, no. 1 (2022): 13–22.

Indarti, Widia Moliza. “PENERAPAN SANKSI ADAT PERKAWINAN NGECIK NIOH PINANG TERHADAP PELAKU ZINA PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM (Studi Desa Napal Putih Kecamatan Napal Putih Kabupaten Bengkulu Utara Provinsi Bengkulu).” PhD Thesis, UIN Fatmawati Sukarno Bengkulu, 2022.

Irfan, Nurul. Gratifikasi Dan Kriminalitas Seksual. Amzah, 2022.

Jauziyah, Ibnu al-Qayyim. Al-I’lam al Muwaqqi’in ‘an Rab al-Alamin, II. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah, 1993.

Juliansyahzen, Muhammad Iqbal. “REKONSTRUKSI NALAR HUKUM ISLAM KONTEMPORER MUHAMMAD SHAHRUR DAN KONTEKSTUALISASINYA.” Al-Mawarid: JSYH 4, no. 1 (2022): 57–74.

Kafisa, Tomy. “Tinjauan Yuridis Terhadap Perbuatan Zina Dalam Persfektif Hukum Islam Dan Hukum Positif Studi Kasus Putusan PN Jayapura Nomor 68/PID. B/2015/PNJAP Dan Putusan Nomor 2/JN/2021/MS. MBO.” PhD Thesis, Universitas Islam Riau, 2022.

Kamma, Hamzah. “Urgensi Maslahah Dalam Pembaruan Hukum Islam Di Era Global.” Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam 8, no. 2 (2014): 217–32.

Lubis, Suaib, and Syahrul Affan. “Hukuman Bagi Pelaku Zina Menurut Hukum Islam Ditinjau Dari Hak Asasi Manusia.” Stigma Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Politik Dan Humaniora 1, no. 2 (2022): 1–6.

Mat Jubri, Mustafa bin, and Miszairi Sitiris. “Analisis Pemberhentian Hukum Hudud Kerana Pemeliharaan Maqasid Al-Shari’ah.” AZKA International Journal of Zakat & Social Finance (2021): 45–70.

Mattson, Ingrid. Al-Ahkam Al-Sultaniyyah: The Laws of Islamic Governance. Translated by Asadullah Yate. London: Ta-Ha Publishers1996.

Moechthar, Oemar. Eksistensi, Fungsi, Dan Tujuan Hukum: Dalam Perspektif Teori Dan Filsafat Hukum. Prenada Media, 2020.

Mousavifard, Mohammad Reza, and Hadis Zofaghari. “Philosophy of Ta’zir Punishment from the Perspective of Criminal Law and Islamic Criminology,” 2021.

Muslich, Ahmad Wardi. Hukum Pidana Islam. Sinar Grafika, 2005.

Muzakir, Kahar. “Zina Dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam Dan Kitab Undang Undang Hukum Pidana.” Formosa Journal of Science and Technology 1, no. 1 (2022).

Nabipor, Hadfmand, and Hedayt Allah. “Shari’ah Ta’zir from the Point of View of Jurisprudence and Its Difference with Legal Ta’zir,” 2020.

Nasution, Khairil Azmi. “Traditional Existence in Islamic Law.” Journal Law Islamic Maqashid Al-Ahkam 1, no. 01 (2022): 25–37.

Nuri, Muhamad Zainu. “Penyimpangan Sosial Dalam Surat Al-Humazah.” PhD Thesis, IAIN KUDUS, 2021.

Putra, Restu Ashari, Reza Pahlevi Dalimunthe, and Rizal Abdul Gani. “Konsep Perlindungan Nasab Dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam.” Mutawasith: Jurnal Hukum Islam 4, no. 1 (2021): 32–41.

Rahmadiana, Annisa, Putri Nabilah, and Tiara Rahmawati. “Kajian Kriminologis Atas Sanksi Adat ‘Cuci Kampung Terhadap Pelaku Zina.” Journal of Judicial Review 24, no. 1 (2022): 19–34.

Ramadan, Sahrul. “Kesadaran Hukum Terhadap Larangan Pernikahan Dini.” Jurnal El-Thawalib 3, no. 2 (2022): 262–74.

Riyadi, Ridho. “Zina Menurut Ali Ash-Shabuni Dalam Tafsir Shafwatu Tafasir.” Studia Quranika 5, no. 2 (2021): 192–218.

Sandra, Gustika, and Sakti Yadi. “THE DYNAMICS OF DETERMINING MEN AND WOMEN PARTS IN MATTERS OF INHERITANCE: A STUDY OF ISLAMIC LAW.” Jurnal Diskursus Islam 10, no. 2 (2022): 271–89.

Sanusi, Mohd Rafi Mohd, Syahrulnizam Saat, and Nasrul Hisyam Nor Muhamad. “Shariah Whipping Punishment In The State Of Johor: An Analysis From The Legal Provisions: Hukuman Sebat Syariah Di Negeri Johor: Analisis Dari Sudut Peruntukan Undang-Undang.” Al-Qanatir: International Journal of Islamic Studies 25, no. 1 (2022): 22–41.

Sari, Devi Nilam. “Implementasi Hukuman Qisas Sebagai Tujuan Hukum Dalam Al-Qur’an.” Muslim Heritage 5, no. 2 (2020): 286.

Shidiq, Ghofar. “Teori Maqashid Al-Syari’ah Dalam Hukum Islam.” Majalah Ilmiah Sultan Agung 44, no. 118 (2022): 117–30.

Sumanto, Dedi. “Hukum Adat Di Indonesia Perspektif Sosiologi Dan Antropologi Hukum Islam.” JURIS (Jurnal Ilmiah Syariah) 17, no. 2 (2018): 181–91.

Sumardi, Dedy, Ratno Lukito, and Moch Nur Ichwan. “Legal Pluralism within the Space of Sharia: Interlegality of Criminal Law Traditions in Aceh, Indonesia.” Samarah: Jurnal Hukum Keluarga Dan Hukum Islam 5, no. 1 (2021): 426–49.

Taqiyuddin, Muhamad. “Pidana Mati Dalam Perspektif Al-Qur’an.” PhD Thesis, Institut PTIQ Jakarta, 2021.

Wiranto, Muhammad, and Nasri Akib. “LARANGAN MENDEKATI ZINA DALAM QS AL-ISRA‘/17: 32 (ANALISIS KAJIAN TAH$}$ LILI).” EL MAQRA’: TAFSIR, HADIS DAN TEOLOGI 2, no. 1 (2022): 33–51.

Downloads

Published

20-12-2022

How to Cite

Rasyid, A. (2022). Expulsion for Adultery Perpetrators Muhshan at Panyabungan: An Islamic Law Perspective . Asy-Syir’ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari’ah Dan Hukum, 56(2), 265–285. https://doi.org/10.14421/ajish.v56i2.1157

Issue

Section

Articles