Policies and Responsibilities of Government Officials during the Covid-19: The Problem of Interpreting the Phrase of Good Faith in Law Number 2 of 2020

Darsinah Darsinah(1), Achmad Dardiri Hasyim(2), Mufrod Teguh Mulyo(3),

(1) Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
(2) Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surakarta
(3) Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surakarta
Corresponding Author


Abstract: Article 27 Paragraph (2) Law Number 2 of 2020 introduces the term "good faith" which forms the basis for the policy of non-prosecution of government officials either criminally or civilly. The good faith phrase has led to public polemics and debates. This article aims to describe the position of Law Number 2 of 2020 as well as the meaning and the concept of "good faith" as found in Law No. 2 of 2020 based on the Civil Code. This research utilizes the library method. The research results show that: first, Law Number 2 of 2020 is an adequate legal instrument to provide a strong foundation for the government and related institutions to make certain necessary policies and measures during the Covid-19. Second, the good faith phrase as found in Law No. 2 of 2020 can be interpreted and implemented through 4 (four) indicators, namely: (1) there is business; (2) legal guarantees through regulations that are a win-win solution; (3) implementation of regulations that are appropriate and run optimally; and (4) cooperation between all parties.


Abstrak: Pasal 27 Ayat (2) Undang-undang Nomor 2 Tahun 2020 menyebut kata “iktikad baik” yang menjadi dasar kebijakan pejabat pemerintah tidak dapat dituntut secara pidana maupun perdata. Frase iktikad baik tersebut sempat menimbulkan polemik dan perdebatan di kalangan masyarakat. Artikel ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan kedudukan Undang-undang Nomor 2 Tahun 2020 dan sekaligus makna dan konsep “iktikad baik” yang ada dalam undang-undang tersebut berdasar Civil Code. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kepustakaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: pertama, UU No. 2 Tahun 2020 merupakan perangkat hukum yang memadai untuk memberikan landasan yang kuat bagi pemerintah dan lembaga-lembaga terkait untuk pengambilan kebijakan dan langkah-langkah tertentu yang diperlukan di masa Covid-19. Kedua, frase “iktikad baik” yang ada dalam UU No. 2 Tahun 2020 dapat diinterpretasikan dan diterapkan melalui 4 (empat) indikator, yaitu: (1) adanya usaha; (2) jaminan hukum melalui regulasi yang win-win solution; (3) implementasi regulasi yang tepat dan berjalan maksimal; dan (4) adanya kerja sama antara semua pihak.

Full Text: PDF


Government policy; good faith; civil law; Covid-19


Andrew D M. “Good Faith in WTO Dispute Settlement.” Melbourne Journal of International Law 7 (2007).

Basaran, Halil Rahman. “The Principle of Good Faith in International Law.” Hong Kong Law Journal, no. August (2021): 507–524.

Davies, Paul S. “THE BASIS OF CONTRACTUAL DUTIES.” JOURNAL OF COMMONWEALTH LAW 1, no. March 2018 (2019): 1–34.

Dewanti, Rizky Febri, and Yudho Taruno Muryanto. “The Application of Good Faith Principle of Precontract in Common Law and Civil Law Contry.” Research, Society and Development 2021 (2021): 1–8.


Han, Nak-huyn, Seok-beom Choi, and Jung-han Bae. “A Study on the Principle of Good Faith in Korea : Concept and Application.” Korea Trade Review 44, no. 6 (2019): 285–302.

Hans-Bernd Schafera, Huseyin Can Aksoy. “Good Faith.” Encyclopedia of Law and Economics, no. December (2015): 1–8.

Harisa, Novran. “Good Faith In Arbitration Resolution In Indonesia.” Mimbar 35, no. 1 (2019): 185–191.

Huda, Mokhamad Khoirul, Ridwan Khairandy, and Agus Yudha Hernoko. “The Principle of Good Faith in Life Insurance Contract: A Comparative Study of Indonesia and The UK.” The Social Sciences (2017): 1–13.

Ithiwat Methatham. “THE ROLE OF GOOD FAITH IN PRE-CONTRACTUAL LIABILITY.” Thammasat Business Law Journal 10 (2020): 107–118.

Julian Bailey. “‘Faith, Hope, and Charity ’ : The Role of Good Faith in Construction – a Common Law Perspective.” Revista Derecho & Sociedad (2020): 19–31.

Komarov, Alexander S. “Internationality, Uniformity and Observance of Good Faith as Criteria in Interpretation of Cisg: Some Remarks on Article 7(1).” Journal of Law and Commerce 7, no. 1 (2001): 75–85.

Laverde, Santiago Dussan. “A Commentary on the Meaning of Objective Good Faith in the Translex Principles through International Arbitration : A Law & Economics Approach.” Revista de Estudos Constitucionais, Hermenêutica e Teoria do Direito (RECHTD) 13, no. 2 (2021): 164–179.

Lei, Chen. “The Historical Development of the Civil Law Tradition in China : A Private Law Perspective.” The Legal History Review 78, no. September 2009 (2018): 159–181.

Mupangavanhu, Brighton M. “Evolving Statutory Derivative Action Principles in South Africa : The Good Faith Criterion and Other Legal Grounds.” Journal of African Law 2, no. 2 (2021): 293–311.

Nina Tepeš, Hrvoje Markovinović. “THE CISG AND THE GOOD FAITH PRINCIPLE.” Journal of Law & Commerce 38 (2020): 10–34.

Putra, Zaldi Bagus Pratama. “THE BASICS OF GOOD FAITH AND GOOD INTENTION IN LAND PURCHASE SYSTEM IN INDONESIA.” Journal of Law and Legal Reform 1, no. May (2020): 691–703.

Rizky Amalia, Hilda Yunita Sabrie, Widhayani Dian Pawestri. “The Principle of Good Faith in The Choice of Law of Foreign Direct Investment Contracts in Indonesia.” Fiat Justicia 12, no. 2 (2018): 170–180.

Rustamjonovna, Mahsuda Tadjibayeva. “The Principle Of Good Faith In Civil Law.” Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education 12, no. 4 (2021): 1062–1067.

Sanjaya, Umar Haris. “Good Faith on Contract Performance.” Arena Hukum 12, no. 3 (2019): 500–523.

Sipiorski, Emily. Good Faith in International Investment Arbitration. Vol. 30, 2019.

Widaningsih. “The Implementation of Good Faith Principles in Online Sale and Purchase.” Kertha Wicaksana 13, no. 3 (2019): 62–68.

Article Metrics

Abstract View : 54 times
PDF Download : 31 times

DOI: 10.14421/ajish.2022.56.1.%p


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.