Contestation of Customary and Islamic Law: Mangupa and Tuor in Horja Ritual at Tapanuli Muslim Community Wedding

Authors

  • Fatahuddin Aziz Siregar Universitas Islam Negeri Syekh Ali Hasan Ahmad Addary Padangsidimpuan
  • Ibrahim Siregar Universitas Islam Negeri Syekh Ali Hasan Ahmad Addary Padangsidimpuan
  • Suheri Sahputra Rangkuti Universitas Islam Negeri Syekh Ali Hasan Ahmad Addary Padangsidimpuan

Abstract views: 230 PDF downloads: 91

Abstract

This article discusses the change from custom to sharia with contestation of discourse between culture and religion in the horja ritual at the wedding of the Tapanuli Muslim community. Horja rituals that were initially based on local customs and traditions have undergone significant changes due to the influence of Islam. This article analyzes how the contestation between tradition and religion occurs and affects cultural identity. This type of research uses qualitative research with an ethnographic approach. This ethnographic approach is used to see how strong cultural and religious practices are attached to the wedding horja ritual of the Tapanuli Muslim community. This study found that cultural and religious contestation in the marriage horja ritual of the Tapanuli Muslim community targeted two cultural contents, namely, mangupa and the determination of tuor (offering). The authority of religious figures who managed to seize the influence of society to create a change in culture, namely from custom to sharia. These changes include replacing cultural practices, mantras, and symbols with Islamic practices and prayers and emphasizing Islamic religious teachings and practices in marriage ceremonies, mangupa, and tuor (offering). Contestation between indigenous and religious leaders arose to maintain control over culture and spiritual values. In addition, the role of Islamic religious figures has also penetrated the cultural domain.

Artikel ini membahas perubahan adat ke syari’at menggunakan pendekatan kontestasi wacana antara budaya dan agama dalam ritual horja pada pernikahan masyarakat Muslim Tapanuli. Ritual horja yang awalnya didasarkan pada adat dan tradisi lokal telah mengalami perubahan signifikan akibat pengaruh agama Islam. Artikel ini menganalisis bagaimana kontestasi antara tradisi dan agama berlangsung dan memengaruhi identitas budaya. Jenis penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan etnografi. Pendekatan ini digunakan untuk melihat seberapa kuat praktik kebudayaan dan agama melekat pada ritual horja pernikahan masyarakat muslim Tapanuli. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa kontestasi budaya dan agama dalam ritual horja perkawinan masyarakat muslim Tapanuli menyasar dua konten kebudayaan, yaitu mangupa dan penetapan tuor (seserahan). Otoritas tokoh agama yang begitu kuat berhasil merebut pengaruh masyarakat sehingga menciptakan perubahan dalam budaya, yaitu dari adat ke syari’at. Perubahan ini mencakup penggantian praktik, mantra dan simbol budaya dengan praktik dan doa-doa Islam serta penekanan pada ajaran dan praktik agama Islam khususnya pada konten mangupa dan tuor dalam horja pernikahan. Kontestasi antara tokoh adat dan tokoh agama muncul dalam upaya mempertahankan kendali atas budaya dan ajaran agama. Selain itu, peran tokoh agama Islam juga sudah merambah domain kebudayaan.

Author Biography

Ibrahim Siregar, Universitas Islam Negeri Syekh Ali Hasan Ahmad Addary Padangsidimpuan

Scopus ID : 57190573193
Google Scholar ID: 1lXwT6EAAAA
Sinta ID: 6165962

References

Alma’itah, Qais Salem, and Zia Ul Haq. “The Concept of Messiah in Abrahamic Religions: A Focused Study of the Eschatology of Sunni Islam.” Heliyon 8, no. 3 (2022).

Alshehaby, Fatimah. “Cultural Heritage Protection in Islamic Tradition.” International Journal of Cultural Property 27, no. 3 (2020): 291–322.

Anggraeni, Rr Dewi. “Islamic Law and Customary Law in Contemporary Legal Pluralism in Indonesia: Tension and Constraints.” Ahkam: Jurnal Ilmu Syariah 23, no. 1 (2023): 25–48.

Astuti, Mirsa, and Ida Nadirah. “Giving Stepping Gifts in Marriage According to Customary Law and Islamic Law.” DE LEGA LATA: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum 8, no. 2 (2023): 192–201.

Azzuhra, Sakinah, and Nursapiah Harahap. “Tapanuli Central Regency Parent Communication Model in Coastal Traditional Marriage in Sorkam District.” Daengku: Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Innovation 2, no. 3 (2022): 379–84.

Baczko, Adam, and Gilles Dorronsoro. “Thinking about Civil Wars with and beyond Bourdieu: State, Capital, and Habitus in Critical Contexts.” Journal of Classical Sociology 22, no. 2 (2022): 199–221.

Bourdieu, Pierre. “Structures, Habitus, Practices.” In Rethinking the Subject, 31–45. Routledge, 2018.

Cartwright, Ashleigh. “A Theory of Racialized Cultural Capital.” Sociological Inquiry 92, no. 2 (2022): 317–40.

De Clercq, Dirk, and Renato Pereira. “Relationship Conflict, Low Goodwill Trust, Innovation Propensity—and Help? How to Encourage Helping Behaviours Even in Conflict-Laden Work Settings.” Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences/Revue Canadienne Des Sciences de l’Administration, 2022.

Edgerton, Jason D., and Lance W. Roberts. “Cultural Capital or Habitus? Bourdieu and beyond in the Explanation of Enduring Educational Inequality.” Theory and Research in Education 12, no. 2 (2014): 193–220.

Garza, Sarah Amira de la. “Mindful Heresy as Conscious Social Praxis: Modeling Change through Violations of Cultural Orthodoxy.” Western Journal of Communication 86, no. 2 (2022): 232–40.

Geertz, Clifford. “Ritual and Social Change: A Javanese Example.” In Ritual, 549–76. Routledge, 2017.

———. “The Impact of the Concept of Culture on the Concept of Man.” In Man in Adaptation, 19–32. Routledge, 2022.

González, Roberto, Héctor Carvacho, and Gloria Jiménez-Moya. “Psychology and Indigenous People.” Annual Review of Psychology 73 (2022): 431–59.

Harahap, Sumper Mulia, Fatahuddin Aziz Siregar, and Darwis Harahap. “Tracing the Dynamic Spectrum of Religious Moderation in the Local Custom of North Sumatera.” QIJIS (Qudus International Journal of Islamic Studies) 11, no. 1 (2023): 65–102.

Harahap, Syahrini, Syafruddin Syam, and Ramadhan Syahmedi Siregar. “Inheritance Anomaly of Daughter ‘Batang Angkola’ Based on Islamic Law And Common Law.” JURNAL ILMIAH MIZANI: Wacana Hukum, Ekonomi, Dan Keagamaan 10, no. 1 (2023): 91–105.

Hasibuan, Malkan, Ramdhan Syahmedi Siregar, and Muhammad Syukri Albani Nasution. “The View Of Utara Padang Lawas Scholars About The Culture Of Animal Slaughter At The Time Of Accidents (Maqoshid Syariah).” Ta Dib Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 12, no. 1 (2023): 83–92.

Hati, Silvi Tabah. “Makkobar Tradition at Marriage in Batang Baruhar Jae Perspective of Social Reconstruction.” Edumaspul: Jurnal Pendidikan 7, no. 1 (2023): 465–71.

Hendri, Novi, Hardi Putra Wirman, Gazali Ismail, and Maeza Elvira. “The Contestation Between Conservative And Progressive Group In Gaining Symphaty From Islamic Community.” Journal of Namibian Studies: History Politics Culture 34 (2023): 3029–47.

Khurriyah, Nurul, Setya Yuwana Sudikan, Tengsoe Tjahjono, and Nadya Afdholy. “Multireligious Understanding and Contestation of Works in World Literature.” International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding 10, no. 5 (2023): 167–73.

Lahama, Moh Iqbal, Zainal Abidin, and Syamsuri Syamsuri. “The Scope Of Sharia, Marriage And Tradition.” In Proceeding of International Conference on Islamic and Interdisciplinary Studies, 2:53–58, 2023.

Mahalingam, Ramaswami. “Essentialism, Culture, and Power: Representations of Social Class.” Journal of Social Issues 59, no. 4 (2003): 733–49.

Mbaya, Henry. “Contested Religious and Cultural Issues: An Encounter between Western Missions and African Cultures and Religions in South Africa in the Nineteenth Century.” Journal of Religion in Africa 1, no. aop (2023): 1–31.

Mc Cluskey, Emma. “Bourdieu the Ethnographer: Grounding the Habitus of the ‘Far-Right’Voter.” Cooperation and Conflict, 2023, 00108367231154165.

Millet, Kitty. “Heretics of Innovation.” In Abstract Book of the XXIII Congress of the ICLA, vol. 23, 2022.

Muda, Indra, and Agung Suharyanto. “Analysis of Life’s Inter-Religious Harmony Based on the Philosophy of Dalihan Na Tolu in Sipirok Sub-District, South Tapanuli Regency, North Sumatera Province.” Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment 30, no. 5 (2020): 533–40.

Nuhaa, Muhamad Afif Ulin. “Khaled Abou El-Fadl. S Perspective Authoritive Hermeneutics (An Solution Face Phenomenon Islamic Law).” Pro Justicia: Jurnal Hukum Dan Sosial 1, no. 2 (2021): 167–82.

Pane, Exson, and Freddy Manurung. “Religious Movement of Movement of Ugamo Malim in Batak Land-Indonesia.” Jurnal Koinonia 14, no. 2 (2022): 119–33.

Polymenopoulou, Eleni. “Caliphs, Jinns, and Sufi Shrines: The Protection of Cultural Heritage and Cultural Rights under Islamic Law.” Emory Int’l L. Rev. 36 (2022): 743.

Rangkuti, Suheri Sahputra. “Paradat, Haguruan Dan Ustaz Salafi: Perubahan Nilai Adat Dalihan Na Tolu Dalam Narasi Pendidikan Nilai.” PhD Thesis, UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, 2021.

Rangkuti, Suheri Sahputra, Muslimin Hutapea, Nurintan Muliani Harahap, and Eko Sumadi Eko. “Hatobangon: Character Building and Revitalization of Cultural Values in Panyabungan.” HIKMATUNA: Journal for Integrative Islamic Studies 8, no. 2 (2022): 119–33.

Renteln, Alison Dundes. “The Use and Abuse of the Cultural Defense.” Canadian Journal of Law and Society/La Revue Canadienne Droit et Société 20, no. 1 (2005): 47–67.

Risa, Yulia, and Emizal Amri. “Fungsi Tuor Bagi Orang Mandailing.” Culture & Society: Journal Of Anthropological Research 3, no. 2 (2021): 85–96.

Saurugger, Sabine, and Mark Thatcher. “Constructing the EU’s Political Identity in Policy Making.” In Constructing the EU’s Political Identity, 1–16. Springer, 2022.

Schielke, Samuli. “Second Thoughts about the Anthropology of Islam, or How to Make Sense of Grand Schemes in Everyday Life.” In Research in the Islamic Context, 42–68. Routledge, 2022.

Simanihuruk, Muba, and Tunggul Sihombing. “Increasing Tension: Toba Batak Value System and Direct Democracy Praxis in the Village Head Elections in Tapanuli Utara.” Advanced Science Letters 24, no. 1 (2018): 471–74.

Siregar, Asrul, Amhar Kudadiri, Sugihana Sembiring, and Narosu Siregar. “Local Wisdom in Cultural Ceremony of Angkola Indigenous Community.” Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal 8, no. 24 (2023): 255–60.

Vakalopoulos, Konstantinos. “Shedding Some (More) Light in Bourdieu’s Habitus and Doxa: A Socio-Phenomenological Approach.” Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 53, no. 2 (2023): 255–70.

Zakaria, Faizah Binte. Sacral Ecologies of the North Sumatran Highlands: An Environmental History of Conversions, c. 1800 to 1928. Yale University (2017).

Zuhdi, Muhammad. “Challenging Moderate Muslims: Indonesia’s Muslim Schools amid Religious Conservatism.” Religions 9, no. 10 (2018): 310.

Downloads

Published

15-12-2023

How to Cite

Fatahuddin Aziz Siregar, Ibrahim Siregar, & Suheri Sahputra Rangkuti. (2023). Contestation of Customary and Islamic Law: Mangupa and Tuor in Horja Ritual at Tapanuli Muslim Community Wedding. Asy-Syir’ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari’ah Dan Hukum, 57(2), 231–254. Retrieved from http://asy-syirah.uin-suka.com/index.php/AS/article/view/1330

Issue

Section

Articles